30 May, 2023 | Posted by Dr Danielle Prescott

Addressing LGBTQ+ Biases in the Sport Industry: Promoting Inclusion and Equality

Addressing LGBTQ+ Biases in the Sport Industry: Promoting Inclusion and Equality

The sports industry plays a significant role in shaping societal attitudes and promoting inclusivity.

However, despite the progress made in recent years, biases against the LGBTQ+ community continue to persist within the sporting world.

This article examines the challenges faced by LGBTQ+ individuals in sports and explores potential strategies to foster a more inclusive and accepting environment within the industry. 

Existing Biases and Discrimination

LGBTQ+ athletes often encounter various forms of bias and discrimination, both overt and subtle. Homophobic slurs, exclusion from teams, and unequal treatment based on sexual orientation or gender identity remain prevalent issues. Additionally, transgender athletes face unique challenges, with debates arising around their participation in specific sports and concerns regarding competitive advantage. 

Underrepresentation and Invisibility

One of the key issues in the sports industry is the underrepresentation of LGBTQ+ individuals. Many athletes fear coming out due to potential negative repercussions, such as loss of sponsorships, public backlash, or discrimination from teammates and coaches. Consequently, LGBTQ+ athletes may choose to conceal their identities, perpetuating a cycle of invisibility that hinders progress towards greater inclusion. 

Impact on Mental Health and Performance

Experiencing bias and discrimination can have detrimental effects on the mental health and overall performance of LGBTQ+ athletes. The fear of rejection or facing hostile environments often leads to increased stress, anxiety, and depression. These factors can hamper an athlete's ability to perform at their best and deprive them of the joy and fulfilment that should come from participating in sports.

Addressing Biases and Fostering Inclusion

To tackle LGBTQ+ biases in the sports industry, several steps can be taken. Firstly, organisations must establish comprehensive policies that explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. These policies should be widely communicated and enforced, ensuring that athletes, coaches, and staff understand the consequences of discriminatory behaviour. 

Education and Awareness

Promoting education and awareness is crucial in changing attitudes and reducing biases. Sports governing bodies, clubs, and teams should implement mandatory LGBTQ+ inclusion training for all stakeholders. This training can help foster empathy, challenge stereotypes, and provide guidance on creating inclusive environments where everyone feels respected and valued. 

Visibility and Role Models

Increasing the visibility of LGBTQ+ athletes can inspire and empower others within the community. Encouraging athletes to come out and openly share their experiences helps break down barriers and dispel misconceptions. The industry should celebrate and support LGBTQ+ role models, providing platforms for their stories to be heard and amplified. 

Allyship and Supportive Networks

Creating allyship programs and supportive networks can foster a sense of belonging for LGBTQ+ athletes. Allies, including teammates, coaches, and administrators, can actively advocate for inclusivity, challenge discriminatory behaviours, and create safe spaces for open dialogue. By standing together, the sports industry can work towards dismantling biases and creating a culture of acceptance.


While progress has been made, biases against LGBTQ+ individuals persist in the sports industry. Overcoming these challenges requires a collective effort from athletes, organisations, and fans alike. By implementing inclusive policies, promoting education, increasing visibility, and fostering allyship, the sports industry can become a catalyst for positive change. Only by embracing diversity and creating environments that celebrate the LGBTQ+ community can we ensure that sports truly become a platform for all athletes to thrive, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.

Read More: Dr Danielle Prescott on how to #EmbraceEquity for Women in Sports

Read More: Elite Athletes With Autism and the Benefits of Physical Activity

Get in Contact  

Portobello Institute offers a range of sports qualifications which you can view on our department page here.

If you are interested in any of our sports courses or have any questions you can book a consultation call with our expert sports advisor Sharde Sebastian here, email sharde.sebastian@portobelloinstitute.com or call 01 892 0029. Visit our sports department here. 

Portobello Insider

Join our mailing list to receive the latest insights and exclusive content from your chosen department of interest